An introduction to the authentic handmade Mongolian ger or yurt:
round wooden-framed felt tent covered in durable white canvas
seems to be the most simple description of this portable home.
See also the website of The Mongolian Tent in the Ilkhanid Period
Mongolian ger tent has two key components: the wooden frame
work and the felt cover. The wooden lattice wall shell is called
'Khana'; the upper wooden poles (measuring 1.5 to 3 meters)
are 'Uni'; the central supporting of two monumental central
vertical poles are known as 'Bagana' and the uppermost
smoke hole is named 'Toono' or 'Toghona' (roof
crown). A Ger tent has 4 to 12 Khanas, depending on its
size. The number of Uni or upper wooden poles range between
45 and 120, depending on the amount of Khanas.
ger tent has a round wooden floor made of black pine. The four
wooden lattice Khanas, held together with camel leather straps,
including the entrance door, are erected at the edge of the
wooden floor. They are bound together with a very strong long
rope made of horse and yak hair.
all sixty six of them handpaintedly decorated, hold the roof
and the Toono (roof crown) with their two monumental central
vertical Bagana (poles), firmly in place.
inside of the wall has a beautiful decorated cloth (either in
blue or green hue) complementing the inside of the Khana.
insulatory layer on the Khana has three felt sheets. The roof
is covered with two felt sheets. The outside of the ger is covered
with two layers of canvas. The outer canvas layer is waterproof.
At the base of the outside of the ger tent is an additional
Toono or smoke hole may be partly covered with a rectangle felt
and cotton cover; it can be adjusted with three horse and yak
ger tent is solely made of natural durable materials.
details on purchasing, please go to heading Purchasing
details at the bottom.